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Sexual and gender-based violence in the refugee context
- Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is among the most grave protection concerns and priorities in Uganda refugee operation.
- It is manifested in various forms including rape, sexual assault, domestic violence, early and forced marriages, denial of resources and harassment.
- Violence occurred in the refugees' home country, during flight and in Uganda.
- For many reasons, SGBV incidents remain seriously underreported.
- Since January 2016 more than 2,867 females and 227 male SGBV cases have been reported. 20% are children below the age of 18.
Risks and causes
- Intimate partner violence accounted for 65% of the reported incidents, with causes ranging from unemployment to disputes over food and other resources, to cultural norms.
- Lack of meaningful engagement of adolescents and teenagers/youth including limitation in accessing education.
- Inadequate safety in shelters (weak doors and no locks)
- Inadequate lighting at household level and in communal places
- Inadequate police capacity, including lack of female staff and lack of mobility and accommodation.
- Obstacles in accessing justice
- All known SGBV survivors receive appropriate services including psycho-social counseling, medical care (and PEP as appropriate) and legal support as well as access to safe houses where it is deemed necessary.
- Inter–agency referral pathways and standard operating procedures are in place to strengthen SGBV prevention and response mechanisms.
- SGBV information management mechanisms are in place to accurately reflect cases for monitoring and follow up.
- Community awareness networks through community based structures are in place to create awareness as well as to enhance referrals at the community level.